You may have heard of gingivitis or gum disease, which are more common terms, but your dentist will likely refer to the range of diseases of the gums and bone tissue as periodontal disease. Many adults in the U.S. have this disease which can range from mild gum inflammation to severe damage to your gums and the bones that support your teeth.
What is Periodontal Disease?
There are two general types of periodontal disease that develop when plaque and tartar sit for too long on your teeth: gingivitis, the milder form of gum disease, is reversible while periodontitis, which occurs when gingivitis is left untreated, requires much more complicated treatment and cannot be reversed, only stabilized.
Signs of Periodontal Disease
If you’re seeing a dentist regularly, he or she will likely catch the periodontal disease before it turns into full periodontitis. Symptoms of gingivitis, the early version of periodontal disease, include red and swollen gums, gum bleeding, and bad breath. Signs of periodontitis are the same as gingivitis, but may also be noticeable by gum pockets opening around the teeth which can cause bone loss and eventually tooth loss.
Preventing Periodontal Disease
Maintaining proper oral hygiene with regular brushing and flossing along with regular visits to the dentist are the only ways to prevent periodontal disease. A periodontal exam is a component of every routine teeth cleaning in order to catch it early and reverse it before it gets too serious.
There are some factors that may put you at a higher risk of developing periodontal disease like smoking, diabetes, certain medications, and hormonal changes during puberty and pregnancy, so it is important to visit your dentist twice a year for cleanings and notify them of any changes you have noticed.
Periodontal Care in Gainesville, GA
Visit the kind and caring staff of Hawkins Family Dental in Gainesville, GA to keep your teeth in tip top shape. At your regular cleanings, we’ll examine the gums, measure the depth of the space between the gums and the teeth, and look for signs of gum disease like inflammation and bleeding. If periodontal disease is discovered, our dentists will guide you in reversing early stages, and can carry out advanced treatments for more severe cases of periodontal disease.Leave a reply →